燕南园 The Yannan Garden

2019-04-08

燕南园 The Yannan Garden
文物位置:燕园南部,即北京大学南部
文物类别:建筑遗迹
Location: in the south of PKU
Category: Architectural relics

 
历史溯源
      燕南园因位于燕园的南部而得名,占地 48 亩,建成于上世纪 20 年代,当时主要作为燕大外籍教师的住宅。按照当时所有中外教师住宅的编号顺序,燕南园的住宅被定为 51号到 66 号(后加建了 50号),这一编号从燕大到北大,一直没有变更。如今,在某些宅院的门口,还能看到黑底白字的木门牌,上面清晰的数字向人们展示了这里曾经经历过的岁月和沧桑。
 
文物特色
      住宅中有自成一体的西式小楼,也有矮墙环绕的中式小院。这些住宅的建筑材料绝大部分是当时从国外运来,门窗用的是上好红松,房间里铺设打蜡的地板,屋角有典雅的壁炉,地下室还有供暖的锅炉房。
 
名人故事
      曾经居住在这里的中国教授对中国的政治、历史、科学、哲学等学科的发展建设产生了深远的影响。历史学家洪业、翦伯赞,数学家江泽涵,物理学家周培源、饶毓泰、褚圣麟,经济学家马寅初、陈岱孙,哲学家冯友兰、汤用彤、冯定,化学家张龙翔、黄子卿,语言学家王力、林焘,美学家朱光潜,生物学家沈同,文学家林庚,历史地理学家侯仁之,文学家冰心(谢婉莹)和社会学家吴文藻夫妇等都曾生活在燕南园。
 
History
      The Yannan Garden is named after its location (in Chinese “nan” means “south” and this garden is located in the south of PKU). The history of this area dates back to the 1920s. During the 20th century,
this region housed the foreign faculty of Yenching University. The houses in the Yannan Garden were numbered from No. 50 to No. 66, and those house numbers are still in use today. If you pay a visit to
the Yannan Garden, you can still find the original doorplates people used to use.
 
Distinguishing feature
      One of the features of the Yannan Garden is the different style of houses, including both typical Western-style small houses and Chinese-style old courtyards surrounded by low walls. Most of the building materials used for these houses were imported, making them even more exquisite.
 
Celebrity story
      Many respectable PKU scientists, professors and writers have spent their lives in the Yannan Garden. They have deeply influenced the development of China and made a great contribution to both China and PKU. Countless stories and anecdotes about them and their houses have been passed down from generation to generation.