曾用名:临风待月楼

2017-07-26

曾用名:临风待月楼
文物时间:1920-1929
文物位置:未名湖南岸山坡
文物类别:建筑遗迹
Primitive Name: Lin Feng Dai Yue Lou(a romantic name which means that a building which is facing the breeze and waiting for the moon) 
Time: 1920~1929 
Category: Architectural relic 
Location: on the hillside of the Unnamed Lake's west

 

文物特色

临湖轩可以说是燕园里现存的最古老的一所文物。西北有山林环抱,东北可眺山色湖光,南有竹林作屏障,东临幽谷深池,周围有密林环绕,环境特别幽静。文物物依山就势,高低错落,功能分明,尺度亲切,远观只见屋脊,入内则别有天地,布局上突出一个“藏”字。

 

文物缘起

临湖轩的遗址是乾隆年间和珅淑春园的“临风待月楼”,1860年淑春园被毁时只有未名湖边的石舫基座和这座楼保存下来。燕大建校时,司徒雷登的费城友人——乔治?柯里夫妇(Mr&Mrs George)捐资修缮此楼,赠给校长司徒雷登作为住宅。1931年根据冰心提议将其命名为“临湖轩”,胡适书写制匾悬挂于中间大厅临湖一面的门额上,实际上是接待来访贵宾、召开重要会议的公共场所。

 

岁月变迁

曾经为燕大北大校长居住地,今天,临湖轩作为北京大学的贵宾接待室,每年要接待几十个国家几千名来北大参观访问的外宾以及港澳同胞和侨胞,党中央的领导来北大视察工作也常常来此驻足。

 

名人故事

临湖轩曾经住过燕京大学校长司徒雷登和北大校长马寅初,正是这两位校长,代表了从燕京大学到现在的北京大学的建设与学术的精神的发展。1929年著名学者吴文藻和冰心的婚礼在临湖轩举行,1935年,吴文藻的高足费孝通和王同惠又是在这里举行婚礼,两场婚礼主婚人都是司徒雷登校长,演绎了临湖轩的佳话。

 

解放初,临湖轩仍然作为校长宅邸,燕大校长陆志伟入住。1952年,北大迁到燕园,马寅初校长也曾在这里居住并迎接宾客。在马寅初校长因坚持“新人口论”被打倒之后,再也没有一位校长在此居住过。于是,临湖轩被改为贵宾招待所。文革期间,以江青为首的中央文革小组组织了一个由北大、清华两个学校的“笔杆子”为首的御用写作班子,经常以“梁效”(谐音“两校”)的笔名在《人民日报》上发表一些借古讽今、操纵文革进程的长篇大论。当时担任北大、清华军宣队头目的迟群、谢静宜就挑选了临湖轩作为写作班子的据点。文革末期,临湖轩再次归属北大外事处,成为专门接待外宾的地方。

 

Distinguishing feature

Lin Hu Xuan is one of the oldest cultural relic in the Peking University.Located on the small hill of the western side of the Unnamed Lake, it is a tranquil courtyard surrounded by bamboos. In 1920s, It was where John Leighton Stuart lived and received his visitors. In 1931, Bing Xin, a well-known women writer, named it “Lin Hu Xuan”.

 

History

Lin Hu Xuan is not a big structure, but it has lots of stories to tell the visitors. One of its owners, John Leighton Stuart, had great influence on the development of Yenching University. .As an American, he spent most of his lifetime in China. He once wrote, “For most part of my life, China is my home. I was not only born in that country but also closely linked to it and its people spiritually. I lived there and have lots of good friends.”

 

Lin Hu Xuan was once used as the apartment of the president of Peking University. Today, Lin Hu Xuan is used as the reception room to receive the foreign visitors, including government leaders, experts and scholars. As the former home of John Leighton Stuart,it is the best memento to this educationalist.