校景亭 the University Landscape Pavilion

2017-07-26

校景亭 the University Landscape Pavilion

别名、曾用名:翼然亭 校友亭 
文物时间:乾隆初年 
文物位置:德斋北部的土山上,北面俯临红湖。 
文物类别:建筑遗迹 
Primitive Name: Yiran Pavilion(In Chinese, Yifan means “wing-like”),the Alumni Pavilion 
Time: In the early years of Emperor Qianlong’s period 
Category: Architecture relic 
Location: On the small hill at the north of the Dezhai Building

 

文物特色

校景亭为大式重檐四角方亭,亭式简朴大方,是昔日鸣鹤园中最大的亭子。四周假山叠置,树木阴翳,亭子掩映其中,很有古园林建筑中“藏”的味道。

 

历史溯源

乾隆十二年(1747年),清高宗登此亭赏景并赋《翼然亭》一首。1860年鸣鹤园毁于英法联军之手,翼然亭奇迹般幸存下来。清末,醇亲王奕环作诗描述鸣鹤园景色凋零,古亭独存的荒芜景象。燕大迁来后稍加修葺,亭内绘制校园风景十二幅。1984年北大又对此进行修葺。

 

十二幅校景分别为:一体、校景亭、博雅塔、荷花池、钟亭、校友桥、湖心岛亭、办公楼、物理学院大楼、俄文楼、南北阁、西校门。(如上图)

 

文物缘起

20年代,燕京大学迁来后在亭中绘了十二幅燕园校景,遂得名。

 

Naming reason

In the 1920s,on the inside walls and the ceiling, Yenching University painted twelve representative places of interest on Peking university campus. In this way, it gained its present name “the University Landscape Pavilion”.

 

Distinguishing feature

It is a square structure with double grand roofs. The Pavilion, the rockery and the surrounding trees show off each, which is typical the classical style of traditional Chinese.

 

History

the University Landscape Pavilion was originally named Yiran Pavilion (In Chinese, Yifan means “wing-like”) and used to be the biggest in Minghe Garden that was built (one of the famous gardens at the time)in the early years of Emperor Qianlong’s period. It is the only remaining building of Minghe Garden after the Garden was burnt in 1860.