镜春园Jingchun Garden

2017-07-26

镜春园Jingchun Garden

文物时间:清乾隆时期 
文物位置:位于未名湖东北端一带,北接朗润园,南到未名湖南岸,东至北大校园东墙,西接鸣鹤园遗址。 
文物类别:建筑遗迹 
Time: Qing Dynasty,Qianlong 
Location: On the north side of the Weiming Lake 
Category: Architectural relic

 

文物缘起

昔日的镜春园的主要建筑四周有水道环绕,略成圆形,很像一面镜子,“镜春园”因此而得名。

 

历史溯源

镜春园原本是淑春园的一部分,淑春园在乾隆年间归入圆明园,嘉庆七年又划分成西部的鸣鹤园和东部的镜春园,分别赐予惠亲王绵愉和庄静公主,1860年被毁。民国初年,徐世昌以极低价岁额四百元租得两园,合称“淀北园”。在此期间他竟大量拆除园中建筑,将木料运回老家,这是对淑春园毁坏最严重的一次。1937年卢沟桥事件以前,镜春园仍为徐世昌所有,燕大与之商谈购买之事未妥,直至建国后北大迁入燕园,镜春园始并入北大校园。

 

Naming Reason

Once, the main constructions in the garden was surrounded by water, and looked like a mirror. So it was called Jing Chun Yuan.

 

History

The Jing Chun Garden was once a part of the Shu Chun Garden. In Qianlong Dynasty, the Shu Chun Garden became a part of Yuan Ming Yuan. Then, in Jiaqing years of the Qing Dynasty, the Shu Chun Yuan was divided into Ming He Garden and Jing Chun Garden, and each belong to a aristocrat. Unfortunately, they were both destroyed in 1860. In the first years of the Republic of China, Xu ShiChang, a famous official, bought the two gardens and they were collectively referred as Dian Bei Garden( which means that the garden in the north of the Hai Dian district).